Doberman Size and Proportions
The Doberman is a canine of medium to large size. Although the requirements vary amongst kennel and breed clubs, according to the FCI standard the dog typically stands between 27 to 28 in, and The Kennel Club in the UK quotes 27 inches as being suitable; the female is usually somewhere in between 25 to 27 inches with 26 inches being ideal The Doberman has a square structure: its length should equal its height to the withers, and the length of its head, neck and legs should be in proportion to its body. European lines, especially those from the former Yugoslavia and former Soviet Union, often are bigger than those in The United States and Canada.
There are no criteria for the weight of the Doberman Pinscher except as given in the standards used by the FCI. The ideal dog has to have sufficient dimension for an optimum combination of toughness, endurance and agility. The male generally considers in between 75 to 100 pounds and also the female in between 66 to 88 pounds
Two different color genes exist in the Doberman Pinscher, one for black (B) and one for color dilution (D). There are nine feasible mixes of these alleles (BBDD, BBDd, BbDD, BbDd, BBdd, Bbdd, bbDD, bbDd, bbdd), which result in four different color phenotypes: black, red, blue, and fawn (Isabella). The standard and most typical color takes place when both the color and dilution genetics contend the very least one dominant allele (i.e., BBDD, BBDd, BbDD or BbDd), and is frequently referred to as black or black and rust (additionally called black and tan). The red, red rust or brown coloration happens when the black genetics has two recessive alleles yet the dilution gene has at the very least one leading allele (i.e., bbDD, bbDd). “Blue” and “fawn” are controlled by the color dilution gene. The blue Doberman has the color genetics with at least one leading allele and the dilution genetics with both recessive alleles (i.e., BBdd or Bbdd). The fawn (Isabella) pigmentation is the least common, taking place just when both the color and dilution genes have two recessive alleles (i.e., bbdd). Thus, the blue color is a watered down black, and the fawn color is a diluted red.
Expression of the color dilution genetics is a condition called Color Dilution Alopecia. Although not lethal, these dogs can develop skin problems.
In 1976, a “white” Doberman Pinscher was born. She was then bred to her son, who was additionally bred to his litter sisters. This tight inbreeding proceeded for a long time to permit the dog breeders to “deal with” the mutation. White Dobermans are a cream shade with pure white markings and icy blue eyes. Although this is consistent with albinism, the correct characterization of the mutation is currently unidentified. The animals are commonly known as tyrosinase-positive albinoids, not having melanin in oculocutaneous structures. This condition is triggered by a partial removal in gene SLC45A2.